Golan Heights at dusk and dawn

Golan Heights at dusk and dawn Public


2 years
Want to watch this again later?
Sign in to add this video to a playlist. Login
Share 0 1

Share Video:

Golan Heights
هضبة الجولان
רמת הגולן‬
Lake Ram near Mount Hermon (background), in the northeastern Golan Heights
Lake Ram near Mount Hermon (background), in the northeastern Golan Heights
Location of the Golan Heights
Location of the Golan Heights
Coordinates: 32°58′54″N 35°44′58″ECoordinates: 32°58′54″N 35°44′58″E
Status Internationally recognized as Syrian territory occupied by Israel[1][2]
• Total 1,800 km2 (700 sq mi)
• Occupied by Israel 1,200 km2 (500 sq mi)
• mixed control of Syrian Arab Republic, Syrian opposition, Tahrir al-Sham and Khalid ibn al-Walid Army (including de jure 235 sq.km. UNDOF control zone) 600 km2 (200 sq mi)
Highest elevation 2,814 m (9,232 ft)
Lowest elevation -212 m (−696 ft)
The Golan Heights (Arabic: هضبة الجولان‎ Haḍbatu 'l-Jawlān or مرتفعات الجولان Murtafaʻātu l-Jawlān, Hebrew: רמת הגולן‬, Ramat HaGolan About this sound (audio) (help·info)), or simply the Golan is a region in the Levant, spanning about 1,800 square kilometres (690 sq mi). The region defined as the Golan Heights differs between disciplines: as a geological and biogeographical region, the Golan Heights is a basaltic plateau bordered by the Yarmouk River in the south, the Sea of Galilee and Hula Valley in the west, the Anti-Lebanon with Mount Hermon in the north and Wadi Raqqad in the east; and as a geopolitical region, the Golan Heights is the area captured from Syria and occupied by Israel during the Six-Day War, territory which Israel annexed in 1981. This region includes the western two-thirds of the geological Golan Heights, as well as the Israeli-occupied part of Mount Hermon.

The earliest evidence of human habitation dates to the Upper Paleolithic period.[3] According to the Bible, an Amorite Kingdom in Bashan was conquered by Israelites during the reign of King Og.[4] Throughout the Old Testament period, the Golan was "the focus of a power struggle between the Kings of Israel and the Aramaeans who were based near modern-day Damascus."[5] The Itureans, an Arab or Aramaic people, settled there in the 2nd century BCE and remained until the end of the Byzantine period.[6][7][8] Organized Jewish settlement in the region came to an end in 636 CE when it was conquered by Arabs under Umar ibn al-Khattāb.[9] In the 16th century, the Golan was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and was part of the Vilayet of Damascus until it was transferred to French control in 1918. When the mandate terminated in 1946, it became part of the newly independent Syrian Arab Republic.

Between 1967 and the beginning of the Syrian Civil War, the western two-thirds of the Golan Heights had become occupied and administered by Israel,[1][2] whereas the eastern third had remained under control of the Syrian Arab Republic, with the UNDOF maintaining a 266 km2 buffer zone in between, to implement the ceasefire of the Purple Line.[10] Construction of Israeli settlements began in the remainder of the territory held by Israel, which was under military administration until Israel passed the Golan Heights Law extending Israeli law and administration throughout the territory in 1981.[11] This move was condemned by the United Nations Security Council in UN Resolution 497,[2][12] which stated that "the Israeli decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in the occupied Syrian Golan Heights is null and void and without international legal effect." Israel maintains it has a right to retain the Golan, citing the text of UN Resolution 242, which calls for "safe and recognised boundaries free from threats or acts of force".[13] However, the international community rejects Israeli claims to title to the territory and regards it as sovereign Syrian territory.[1]

Since the onset of the Syrian Civil War the Eastern Golan Heights have become a scene of continuous battles between the Syrian Arab Army and rebel factions of the Syrian opposition, Islamist factions and Jihadist al-Nusra Front and ISIL-affiliated militants.